William BREWSTER born 1505 Hatfield Nottinghamshire ENG taxed in 1534 Bently-cum-Asksey York
Spouse: Maude MAN born 1510 of Scrooby ENG
Children: William born 1534; Henry born 1537 Scrooby
William BREWSTER born 1534 Scrooby died 1590 Scrooby
Children: William born c. 1566 Scrooby Nottinghamshire ENG son of Mary; James, Prudence, John
William BREWSTER, Elder, born probably Scrooby, Nottinghamshire circa 1566/7 died 4/10/1644 Duxbury MA around 9 or 10 in the evening place of burial unknown; removed to Leiden in 1608, came in 1620 Mayflower Company origins Leiden Holland; 4th Signer of the Mayflower Compact, first residence Plymouth 1633 freeman removed to Duxbury, printer in Leiden, one of original members of the separatist at Scrooby; entered Peterhouse, Cambridge 12/3/1580 but didn't graduate
Spouse: Mary ____ born c. 1569 ENG died 4/17/1627 Plymouth; came 1623 on the "Anne"; married by 1593 probably Scrooby
Children: Jonathan born 8/12/1593 Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, ENG, married Lucretia Oldham; Patience born circa 1603 Scrooby, married Thomas Prence 8/5/1624 Plymouth [AMR]; Fear born circa 1605 Scrooby married Isaac Allerton by 1627 (See Smith/Glidden, descended from Isaac Allerton through 1st wife Mary Norris, ch Mary m Thomas Cushman); Love born probably in Leyden Holland say 1607, died in Duxbury 1650-1 married Sarah Collier 5/25/1634 Plymouth [AMR]; Infant buried St. Pancras Leiden 6/20/1609; Wrestling born circa 1611 Leyden Holland died unmarried after 1627 and by 1651
Jonathan BREWSTER born 8/12/1593 Scrooby Nottinghamshire ENG died 8/7/1659 Norwich New London CT, came 1621 on the "Fortune"
Spouse: Lucretia OLDHAM (or Oldam) baptized 1/14/1600-1 Parish of All Saints Derby Derbyshire ENG married 4/10/1624 Plymouth
Children: William born 3/9/1625; Mary born 4/16/1627 married John Turner of Scituate; Jonathan born 7/17/1627-9 married Mary Parrish; Benjamin born 11/17/1633 married Ann Dart; Elizabeth born 5/1/1637; Grace born 11/1/1639 married Daniel Witherell; Ruth born 10/1631 married John Pickett 3/14/1651 New London CT [AMR]; Hannah born 11/3/1641 married Samuel Starr
Mary BREWSTER born 4/16/1627 Plymouth baptized Plymouth died after 3/23/1697-8 Scituate
Spouse: John TURNER "The Older" born circa 1627 married 11/12/1645 Scituate [AMR]
Children: Jonathan born 1646; Joseph born 1647 died 1647; Joseph born 1648; Ezekiel born 1650; Lydia born 1652 married Wlm Barrell 1680 Scituate; John born 1654; Elisha born 1657; Mary born 1658
The Great Migration: William Brewster. Origin: Leiden, Holland. Migration: 1620 on Mayflower. First Residence: Plymouth. Removes: Duxbury. Occupation: Printer (in Leiden). (George Ernest Bowman summarized what was known in 1921 about the books printed by Brewster at Leiden [MD 23:97-105]. See also R. Breugelmans, "The Pilgrim Press and How Its Books Were Sold," in The Pilgrims in The Netherlands: Recent Research, ed. Jeremy D. Bangs [Leiden 1984], pp. 25-29\8. Church Membership: Morison summarized Brewster's church activities prior to 1620. "One of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby which became the nucleus of the Pilgrim church, he emigrated with them to Holland in 1608, and became elder and teacher of their church at Leyden [Morison 368]. With no minister at the Plymouth church for most of the years before Brewster's death, he was the lay leader and preached to the congregation regularly, and continued in this manner after his move to Duxbury. In the course of relating the controversy surrounding John Lyford, Bradford recounts how "our reverend Elder hath labored diligently in dispensing the Word of God to us, before he came; and since, hath taken equal pains with himself, in preaching the same" [Bradford 162]. Included in the inventory of his library were "7 sermons by W.B."" which may have been his notes for some of his own sermons. Freeman: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen, prior to those admitted on 1 Jan 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. Education: Entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, 3 Dec 1580, but did not graduate [Venn 1:213; Morison 368]. Within the inventory of William Brewster separate listings were made of his Latin and English books amounts to the sum of £42.19s.11d. [MD 3:27]. Estate: In the list of Plymouth "meersteads & garden plots of [those[ which came first laid out 1620" Mr. W[illia]m Brewster is on the south side of the street, at the corner of the highway, and next to John Goodman [PCR 12:3]. Plymouth cattle division "Mr. Will[ia]m Brewster, Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster were the first three names in the fifth company [PCR 12:10]. Assessed £1 7s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 Mar 1633 and 27 Mar 1634 [PCR 1:9,27]. Administration on the estate of William Brewster was granted on 5 June 1644 to Jonathan Brewster and Love Brewster [MD 3:15, citing PCR 2:101]. The inventory of the estate of William Brewster, taken 18 May 1644, totalled £150 7d., with no real estate included [MD 3:15-27, citing PCPR 1:53-59]. "Whereas William Brewster late of Plymouth, gent., deceased left onlly two sons surviving viz. Jonathan the eldest and Love the younger and whereas the said William died intestate for ought can to this day appear, the two sons requested William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence and Myles Standish to assist them in coming to an agreement, and on 20 Aug 1645 a decision made. Jonathan Brewster was excused the debt he had owed to his father, except £4 "in consideration of the wintering of some cattle which the said Jonathan had the summering upon the division and for the diet of Isaack Allerton a grandchild of the said Will[ia]m which he had placed with his son Love to table and because he was the first born of his father we gave him his father's arms and also a two year old heifer over and above his part of the dividables of the said estate, and Love received his father's dwelling house. The lands were divided equally, except for a dispute over the lands at Duxbury, of which sixty-eight acres went to Jonathan (along with a "dwelling house which the said Jonathan had built on the said land by leave of his said father) and forty-three acres went to Love "and the reason wherefore we gave Love the less quantity was and is because the quality of Love's land in goodness is equal to the quantity of Jonathan's as we judge" [MD 3:27-30 citing PCLR 1:198-99, PCR 12:115-17]. Birth: About 1566, probably at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster. Death: Duxbury 10 Apr 1644 [MD 1:7]. Marriage: By 1593 Mary _____, she died at Plymouth 17 Apr 1627 [MD 1:7]. (See comments below). Children: i. Jonathan, b. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 12 Aug 1593 [MD 1:7], m. Plymouth 10 Apr 1624 "Lucretia Oldham of Darby" [MD 1:8], she was bp. All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire, 14 Jan 1600/1, and was sister of John Oldham. ii. Patience, b. say 1603, m. Plymouth 5 Aug 1624 Thomas Prence, "the ninth marriage at New Plymouth" [Prince 229], as his first of four wives. iii. Fear, b. say 1605, m. Plymouth by 1627 Isaac Allerton [Bradford 218, 24], iv. Love, b. say 1607, m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], daughter of William Collier. v. Child, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605]. Wrestling, b. say 1611, d. unm. after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444; see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67]. iii. Fear, b. say 1605, m. Plymouth by 1627 Isaac Allerrton [Bradford 218, 242]. iv. Love, b. say 1607, m. Plymouth 15 May 1634 Sarah Collier [PCR 1:30], dau. of William Collier. v. Child, bur. St. Pancras, Leiden, 20 June 1609 [NS] [Dexter 605]. vi. Wrestling, b. say 1611, d. unm. after 1627 and by 1651 [Bradford 444, see GDMNH 109, MD 43:13, Waterhouse Anc 67]. /// Comments: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford included "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling [Bradford 441]. In the accounting of 1651 we find thaat "Mr. Brewster lived to very old age, about 80 years he was when he died, having lived some 23 or 24 years here in the country. And though his wife died long before, yet she died aged. His son Wrestling died a young man unmarried . His son Love lived till this year 1650 and died and left four children, now living. His daughters which came over after him are dead but have left sundry children alive. His eldest son is still living and hath nine or ten children, one married who hath a child or two [Bradford 444]. // The quest for the identity of Mary, the wife of William Brewster, has attracted the attention of many genealogists, but as yet without a definitive result. For some time she had been thought to be Mary Wentworth, daughter of Thomas Wentworth of Scrooby, and in 1965 John G. Hunt presented his case in favor of this identity [TAG 41:1-5, 63), but this claim was rejected by Rubincam and others, and Hunt himself has now given up this position. He has, however, published a pamphlet claiming that she was a certain Mary Wyrrall, based on the appearance in a will of a bequest to "Mary Butho," which Hunt took to be a variant of Brewster resulting from a speech defect in the person dictating the will [John G. Hunt, Of Mary Brewster: The Identity of Mary, Wife of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower Voyage of 1620 fro Plymouth, England, to New Plymouth, New England (Bowling Green, Virginia, 1984}]. Eugene A. Stratton reviewed this volume negatively in 1985 [Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine 48:135=6] which Hunt responded with a supplement to his pamphlet [Of Mary Brewster, part two (Bowling Green, Virginia, August 1985]. The maiden surname of Mary, wife of Elder Brewster remains unknown. (Hunt has published other articles on vaarious aspects of William Brewster's life which, as with all of Hunt's work, need to be used with caution: "Master Williamson' of the Mayflower [NGS 62:88=90], "The Mother of Elder William Brewster of the Mayflower" [NEHGR 124:250-56]. "Mary Stubbe - A Connection of Elder William Brewster" [ NEHGR 128:288-90]). A number of other children have been proposed for William Brewster. Jacobus in 1937 disposed of the claimed connections between William Brewster of Plymouth and Francis Brewster of New Haven and his son Nathaniel [TAG 12:199-210, 13:8.21, 113-116]. Mary Walton Ferris proposed a son Edward [Dawes-Gates 2:151]. Biographic Note: Emma C. Brewster Jones published early in this century a serviceable genealogy of the family [The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 ..., 2 volumes (New York 1908)]. Among the many versions of the family published in all-my-ancestor volumes the most complete is that of Mary Walton Ferris [Dawes-Gates 2:142-56]. The General Society of Mayflower Descendants published in 1995 the Brewster volume of its "in progress" series, prepared by Barbara Merrick.. Many biographies of William Brewster have appeared, but mostly of the filiopietisic school; an example from the nineteenth century is that written by Ashbel Steele: Chief of the Pilgrims: or The Life and Time of William Brewster ... (Philadelphis 1857). An exception is Dorothy Brewster, William Brewster of the Mayflower: Portrait of a Pilgrim (New York 1970).
Mayflower Increasings pg 24: Wlm Brewster was born c 1566-7 poss Doncaster Yorkshire ENG (son of Wlm Brewster & Mary (Smythe) Simkinson). Wlm married c1590 poss at Scrooby Nottinghamshire ENG Mary ( ) . Although many have attempted to identify her (e.g. Wentworth, Wyrall) conclusive evidence is still lacking. Mary was born c1569 ENG and died 4/17/1627 Plymouth. Elder Brewster did not leave a will; on 6/5/1644 his "onely two sonnes surviveing", Jonathan & Love, were appointed administrators of his estate. As one would expect from such a learned man, his inventory included 63 Latin books and 300-400 English books. Wlm & Mary had 6 known children: Jonathan b 8/12/1593 Scrooby; Patience bc 1600 prob Scrooby; Fear b c 1606 prob ENG; child b Leyden d 6/20/1609 Leyden; Love bc 1611 Leyden Holland; Wrestling bc 1614 Leyden. Jonathan b 8/12/1593 Scrooby Eng d 8/7/1659 N. London Ct bur Preston Ct m 4/10/1624 Plymouth Lucretia Oldham dau of Wlm Oldham & Phillipa Sowter bpt 1/14/1600, Parish of All Saints, Derby/Darby Eng d 3/4/1678-9 Norwich Ct bur Preston Ct; Mary BREWSTER b 4/16/1627 Plymouth d aft 3/23/1697-8 prob Scituate m 10/12 Nov 1645 Plymouth John Turner b prob Essex Eng d bet 3/4/1695 - 5/20/1697 Scituate. PG 28 Will of John Turner: 3/4/1695, ment sons Jonathan Turner, Joseph Turner, Ezekiel Turner; grandchildren Isaac Turner, John James, Thomas Prince, Margret Turner, Alice Prince and eldest child of son Ezekiel; sons John Turner, Elisha Turner, Amos Turner; dau Grace Christophers; four daus Lydia, Mary, Ruth, Grace; son Benjamin Turner; wf Mary. Inv 5/20/1697.
Founders & Patriots: Brewster, William (1566/7 - Apr 10, 1644) m Mary _____ MA V, 118, 119; XI, 116, 152, 153, 154, 156; XXVI, 37, 210, 211; XXVIII, 148; XXX, 222; XXXII, 199
Reg Plymouth Families pg 42: Brewster: Jonathan, Duxbury & Norwich son of 1st Wlm born in Eng, came in the "Fortune" 1621 and by wife Lucretia had William; Mary m John Turner of Scituate; Jonathan 1627; and Benjamin. Pg 44: William the elder came in the Mayflower 1620 w/2 younger sons Love and Wrestling, and Lucretia, wife of son Jonathan, and her son William. Mary, the wife of William, came in the "Ann" 1623 with dau Fear, m Isaac Allerton; and Patience, m Thomas Prence. Pg 304 Jonathan 1st in text was born in Scrooby 8/12/1593 and m 4/10/1624 Lucretia Oldam or Oldham. He had Wlm 1625, Mary 1627 m John Turner, Jonathan 1629, Ruth 1631 m John Pickett, Benjamin 1633, Elizabeth 1637, Grace 1639. Wlm 1st in text (the whole rewritten) came in the Mayflower with wife Mary and 2 sons, Love and Wrestling; his dau Fear who m Isaac Allerton and dau Patience who m Thomas Prence, came in the "Ann" 1623; son Jonathan came in the "Fortune" 1621. PG 364: Wlm Brewster during the years 1617, 18, & 19, he was engaged in printing, publishing, and smuggling into England work obnoxious to the king & bishops.
American Gen: Brewster, Wlm 1566/7-1644; 4th signer of the Mayflower Compact; a ruling elder of the church 1620-44; dep 1636; chaplain of military company; m before 1593 Mary _____ (d 1627).
Topographical pg 133: BREWSTER, William; Scrooby Nottinghamshire; "Mayflower"; Plymouth MA; Ref Savage.
Pioneers MA pg 67: BREWSTER, Mr. William, son of Wlm Brewster, receiver of Scrooby, Nottinghamshire Eng & bailiff of the manor house. He deposed at Leyden 6/25/1609 ae 42 yrs; his wife being then 40 & his son Jonathan 16. Educated sometime at Cambridge in Latin & Greek; private secretary to Davison, sec. of state; appointed post-master at Scrooby; the Pilgrim Church met at his house generally, and he entertained them. Was a leader in the removal to Holland; one of those imprisoned at Boston, Lincolnshire. Ruling elder at Leyden. His printing press was a great help. He bore his part with this poor persecuted church above 36 years. He often preached & otherwise greatly helped the church. He came in the Mayflower; signed the Compact. With him came his wife Mary & 2 sons, Love & Wrestling; the rest of his ch were left behind and came over afterward. Wrestling d a young man. The daus that came over were d in 1650, but left sundry children. With him came also Richard More, a boy apprenticed to him, who lived at Plymouth, and a bro of Richard who d the first winter [B]. He res at Duxbury. His wife Mary d aged before 1627. "He had many children." [B] His dau Fear m Isaac Allerton. Patience m Thomas Prence. He d 4/10/1644 ae 80 years. Admin gr to his sons, Jonathan & Love 6/5/1644. The inv showed 63 Latin books & between 300 & 400 English books. [Reg IV, 174 & LIII, 109.]
Gen Reg of the First Settlers of NE pg 41: BREWSTER, JONATHAN, Plymouth, 1623, son of elder William Brewster, removed to New London, thence to Norwich CT & died 1659. Wood, 48. LOVE, Plymouth 1623, afterwards of Duxbury, was son of Elder Wlm Brewster. WILLIAM, Plymouth 1620. One of the first pilgrims & a ruling elder in the church. He died 4/16/1644 in his 84th year. His children were Patience, Fear, Love, Wrestling, Jonathan, Lucretia, William, Mary. Davis, Morton's NE Memo. Allen, Biog. Dict.
Mayflower Families in Progress, William Brewster of the Mayflower & His Descendants for Four Generations: pg 1 No birth records have been found for William Brewster or his wife Mary. Each of their birth years has been determined from an affidavit of declaration made before the magistrates of Leyden, Holland, on 6/25/1609, in which "William Brewster of St. Ursualsteeg, Englishman, aged 42 years, Mary Brewster, his wife aged 40 years, and their son Jonathan Brewster, aged 16 years," acknowledged receipt of cloths from Bernard Rosse of Amsterdam, Englishmen. /p/ Letters of administration on the estate of Mr. W.B., late of Plymouth, gentleman, deceased, were granted to Jonathan and Love Brewster on 6/5/1644. In the settlement of his estate by the "onely two sonnes surviveing," the estate was divided in half between Jonathan & Love Brewster and Jonathan was was directed to pay Love "for the dyett of Isaack Allerton, a grandchild of the said William, which he had placed with his sonn Love to table..."
NEHGR LXXXIX, July 1935 pg 280: One cause of the Pequot War had been the killing of Mr. John Oldham of Watertown by the Indians at Block Island in July 1636. Mr. John Oldham, with his wife and Lucretia Oldham, arrived at Plymouth in the ship Ann on 7/10/1623. Lucretia Oldham "of Darby" was married 4/10/1624 to Elder William Brewster's son, Jonathan Brewster, who had arrived at Cape Cod 11/9/1621 in the Fortune, not in the Mayflower. Born at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire 8/12/1593, and reared at Leyden, in the Protestant Netherlands, Jonathan Brewster spoke Dutch fluently. "Mungrel Dutch," Samuel Maverick called the Plymouth Pilgrims. The youngest daughter of Jonathan and Lucretia (Oldham) Brewster, Hannah Brewster, was married at New London, CT 12/23/1664 to Dr. Thomas Starr's son, Samuel Starr. At first one of the leading men at Plymouth, Mr. John Oldham finally was expelled, moved to "Natascot" (Hull), and, allying himself with the fortunes of Sir Ferdinando Gorges and his sons, later moved across the Bay, when Rev. William Blaxton and Mr. William Jeffries as agents of Georges put him in possession of the territory along the seacoast from the Saugus River to the Charles River--years before Winthrop arrived--including Charlestown and a large part of Watertown. /P/ In 7/1636 John Gallop of Dorchester was at Block Island, and there learned that Indians had killed Mr. John Oldham and seized his boat and goods and also his gold, amounting, says Lion Gardiner, to £60. Bradford wrote (p. 131): "2 little boys that were his kinsmen [John Oldham, 13, and Thomas Oldham, 11, no doubt] were saved." Gallop at once retaliated by killing many Indians--Narragansetts, Block Island being in their territory, seven of whom the Narragansett sachem Miantonomah in 1636 said were Indian chiefs....
Genealogical Dictionary of New England 346: Turner, JOHN, Scituate, eldest s. of Humphrey, b. in Eng. m. 12 Nov. 1645, Mary, d. of Jonathan Brewster, had Jonathan, b. 20 Sept. 1646; Joseph, 12 Jan. 1648, d. in 3 days; Joseph, again 12 Jan. 1650; Ezekiel, 7 Jan. 1651; Lydia, 24 Jan. 1653; John, 30 Oct. 1654; Elisah, 8 Mar. 1657. His d. Mary m. a. 1683, Isaac Prince; and Lydia m. 1675, John James, and in 1680, William Barrell.
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