Lyford / Leyford / Leyfer
John LYFORD, Rev. born circa 1590 Laughgaid, Loughall, Armagh Ireland died in Virginia circa 1628; minister at Levalleglish, Laughgaid Armagh; came to N. E. in 1624, lived at Plymouth, Nantasket, Salem & Virginia in 1627, preached at Plymouth, Hull, Cape Ann & Salem & finally Virginia; for mutinous conduct (religious) he was banished from Plymouth colony also like-minded John Oldham left; sailed in 1627 to Shirley Hundred, Virginia and died soon after arrival
Spouse: Sarah Ann OAKELEY (she may have married an Oakeley second or that was her maiden name per Great Migration) born circa 1586, died 6/23/1649 Hingham MA; she married (2) Edmund Hobart/Hubbard of Hingham at Charlestown, but did not have any children by him, married circa 1617
Children: Obediah born circa 1617, scholar at Trinity College, Dublin, died Ireland without issue 1639; Ruth born circa 1619, married James Bates 4/19/1643; Mordecai born circa 1621; Martha (probably) born by 1628, married Samuel LINCOLN by 1650 [descent through Smith / Glidden line]
Ruth LYFORD died 3/9/1690 Hingham MA
Spouse: James BATES married 4/19/1643 Hingham [AMR]
Children: Hopestill born 12/12/1644 died same Scituate; Clement chr 10/19/1645 died young Scituate; James; John born 1649 Scituate died 6/7/1690 Hingham; Ruth chr 9/2/1651 Hingham; Joseph chr 10/20/1653 Hingham; Benjamin born 7/15/1655 Hingham; Solomon born 8/23/1657 Hingham; Rachel married Caleb Lincoln
Martha LYFORD died 4/10/1693, may have been born in Ireland [see father John Lyford above]
Spouse: Samuel LINCOLN weaver, mariner, probably came from co. Norfolk ENG 1637, apprentice of Francis Lawes, died 5/26/1690 age 71; settled Hingham MA 1637, lived some time at Salem
Children: Samuel Cornet baptized 8/25/1650 died 1720-1, carpenter married Deborah Hersey; Daniel baptized 1/2/1652-3 died 4/29/1732 married Elizabeth Lincoln, daughter of Thomas "husbandman" Lincoln and Margaret Langer; Mordecai born 6/19/1655 died 7/9/1655; Mordecai born 6/14/1657 died 11/12/1727 married (1) Sarah Jones [great-great-great grandparents of Abraham Lincoln] (2) Mary Gannett; Thomas born 9/8/1659 died 11/13/1661; Mary born 3/27/1662 died 3/1752 married Joseph Bates; Thomas born 8/20/1664 died 4/2/1715 married Mehitable Frost; Martha born 2/11/1666-7 died 2/12/1740-2 unmarried; Sarah born 8/13/1669 died 8/30/1669; Sarah born 6/17/1671 died 11/28/1743 unmarried; Rebecca born 3/11/1673-4 died 2/4/1757 married (1) John Clark (2) Israel Nichols
Sarah married 2 or 3 Edmund Hobart (Hubbard). Oakley was name when married Edmund. It was either maiden name she reverted to when John Lyford died or surname of 2nd husband. Edmund married 1st to Margaret Dewey
The Great Migration Begins: John Lyford. Origin: Levalleglish, parish of Loughgall, county Armagh, Ireland. Migration: 1624 (perhaps in the Charity). First Residence: Plymouth. Removes: Nantasket, Salem, Virginia 1627. Occupation: Minister. Church Membership: Lyford was expected to minister to the congregation at Plymouth, which he apparently did for a short span of time, after which he and some like-minded persons (including John Oldham) separated themselves, which led to their banishment. Education: Although not recorded as a student at Cambridge or Oxford, John Lyford was certainly well-educated. Perhaps he, like his son, attended Trinity College, Dublin, whose records for those years are not complete. Estate: The will of "John Lyford" of "Sherby [i.e. Shirley]. Hundred in Virginia, clerk." was probated in the Prerogative Court of Ireland in 1632 [Sir Arthur Vicars, ed., Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536-1810 (Dublin 1897), p. 286]. (This will would have been destroyed in 1922.) "Ruth Leyford" of Hingham and "Mordicay Lyford" of Hingham both acquitted "Edmund Hubbert senior" their "stepfather" for a legacy of two hundred pounds of tobacco given them by their "father John Leyford by his last will and testament" (21 Oct 1641 and 3 June 1642 respectively [SLRR 1:27]). Birth: By about 1590 based on estimated date of marriage. Death: Virginia about 1628 (having gone from Salem "to Virginia, where he shortly after died" [Bradford 169]). Marriage: By about 1617 Sarah ____, born about 1586 (deposed 1 Aug 1639 aged "about fifty-three years" [WP 4:137]). She perhaps married second ___ Oakley, or else this was her maiden name to which she reverted before marrying next at Charlestown 10 Oct 1634 Edmund Hobart ("Edmond Hubberd Senior and Sarah Oakeley widow did join in marriage before me." Increase Nowell [WP 3:174]; "And also I have seen a sufficient register of the marriage of the.said Edmund and Sarah, testifying that they were lawfully married at Charlestown in New England upon the tenth day of Oct in he tenth year of his said Majesty's reign" [Lechford 140, 142]). She died at Hingham on 23 June 1649 (Mother Hobart died in the evening being Saturday, buried on the Sabbath" [NEHGR 121:22]). /// Children: i. Obadiah, b. say 1617 (in 1635 "Obadiah Liford" was a scholar at Trinity College, Dublin [George Dames Burtchaeli and Thomas Ulick Sadler, eds., Alumni Dublinienses ..., new edition, with supplement (Dublin 1935), p. 501]); evidently died without surviving issue by 1639 when his brother Mordecai was called his "brother and next heir" [WP 4:137]. ii. Ruth, b. say 1619 (adult 1641 [SLR 1:27]); m. 19 Apr 1643 James Bates [NEHGR 121:15; Hingham Hist. 38-39]. iii. Mordecai, b. say 1621 (adult 1642 (SLR 1:27]); no further record. iv. (probably) Martha, b. say 1628; m. by 1650 Samuel Lincoln [NYGB 60:115-17 (for this hypothesis to work, Martha would have to be born at about the time her father died, since her last child was born in 1674)]. /// Comments: Plymouth Colony's trials and tribulations with Rev. John Lyford dominate Bradford's historical account for late 1624 and early 1625 [Bradford 147-69]. "The third eminent person ... was the minister which they sent over, by name Mr. John Lyford, of whom & whose doing I must be more large .... When this man first came ahore, he saluted them with that reverence & humility as is seldom to be seen, and indeed made them ashamed, he so bowed and cringed unto them, and would have kissed their hands if they would have suffered him; yea, he wept and shed many tears, blessing God that had brought him to see their faces; and admiring the things they had done in their wants, &c. a if he had been made all of love, and the humblest person in the world. And all the while (if we may judge by his after carriages) he was byt like him mentioned in Psalm 10.10.... They gave him the best entertainment they could (in all simplicity, and a larger allowance of food out of the store than any other had.... He made a large confession of his faith, and an acknowledgement of his former disorderly walking, and his being entangled in many corruptions, which had been a burden to his conscience, and blessed God for this opportunity of freedom ... things seemed to go very comfortably and smoothly on amongst them, at which they did much rejoice, but this lasted not long, for both Oldom [John Oldham] and he grew very perverse, and showed a spirit of great malignancy ... so as there was nothing bt private meetings and whisperings amongst them; they feeding themselves & others with what they should bring to pass in England by the faction of their friends there, which brought others as well as themselves into a fool's paradise ... yet outwardly they still set a fair face of things. /P/ At length when the ship was ready to go, it was observed Liford was long in writing, & sent many letters, and could not forbear to communicate to his intimates such things as made them laugh in their sleeves.... The Governor and some other of his friends knowing how things stood in England and what hurt these things might do, took a shallop and went out with the ship a league or two to sea, and called for Liford's and Oldum's letters.... He found about twenty of Lyford's letters, many of them large and full of slanders & false accusations, tending not only to their prejudice, bt to their ruin & utter subversion [Bradford] 147]. /// After some weeks with no response to the letters, Lyford and Oldham contined about their business, but with no wwarning one day set up a separate church and began to carry out their design. The Governor called a court and charged the two and read copies of some of the letters "at which he [Lyford] was struck mute" and the Governor asked him "if he thought they had done evil to open his letters; but he was silent, & would not say a word, well knowing what they might reply." Lyford was put under house arrest. "In conclusion, he was fully convicted, and burst out into tears, and confessed he feared he was a reprobate, his sins were so great that he doubted God would not pardon them, he was unsavory salt, &c.... After their trial & conviction, the court sentenced them to be expelled," Oldham immediately and Lyford had "liberty to stay six months" [Bradford 219]. Lyford reverted to the humblest of men "so as they began again to conceive good thoghts of him upon this his repentance, and admitted him to teach amongst them as before ... but that which made them all stand amazed in the end ... that after a month or two ... secretly he wwrote a second letter to the Adventurers in England in which he justified all his former writings" [Bradford 221]. /// Lyford's wife went to the Plymouth deacons and told them "he had a bastard by another before they were married, and she having some inkling of some ill carriage that way, when he was a suitor to her, she told him what she heard, and denied him. Bt she not certainly knowing the thing, otherwise than by some dark and secret mutterings, he not only stiffly denied it, but to satisfy her took a solemn oath there was no such matter. Upon which she gave consent and married with him; but afterwards it was found true and the bastard brought home to them" [Bradford 167]. /// On 1 Aug 1639 "Sarah Hubbard wife of Edmund Hubbard of Hingham in New England, planter, aged about fifty-three years sometimes the wife of John Lyford, clerk, deceased and mother of Obadiah Lyford, cerk, deceased and of Mordecai Lyford sworn saith upon her oath that the said Mordecai who hath this day chosen the said Edmund Hubbard to be his guardian is brother and next heir of the said Obediah" [WP 4:137]. /// Lechford tells s more: "Edmund Hubbard of Hingham in New England planter and Sarah his wife sometime wife of John Lyford clerk deceased, Obadiah Lyford, clerk, deceased and Mordecai Lyford his brother and heir free land in the County of Tyrone. And the lease of Leballeglishe.... And also I have seen a sufficient register of the marriage of the said Edmund and Sarah, testifying that they were lawfully married at Charlestown in New England upon the tenth day of October in the tenth year of his said Majesty's reigh... [Lechford 140, 142]." /// On 6 Aug 1639 Edmund Hubbard of Hingham, planter, guardian of Merdecai Lyford brother and heir of Obediah Lyford, clerk, deceased, and Sarah wife of the said Edmund, gave their power of attorney to "our well beloved & trusty friends William Bladen alderman of the city of Dublin and John Fisher citizen of the same city" to demand any inheritance due to Mordecai, particularly rents from land in County Tyrone and the lease at "Leballeglish in the county of Ardmagh" so that the Hubbards need not "be compelled to travel forth of the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Bay in New England" [Lechford 142-44]. /// No doubt in relation to this case in some way, Lechford also recorded "That Sarah Hubbard wife of Edmund Hubbard of Hingham in New England sometimes wife of John Lyford Clerk, sometime minister at Levelgkish near Laughgaid in the county of Ardmagh Deceased is alive &c. [Lechford 263]." // The correct, modern name for the Irish locality in which Lyford resided was Levalleglish in the parish of Loughgall, county Armagh, a parish which is on the border of co. Tyrone.
Genealogical Register of Plymouth Families pg 180: LYFORD John came over 1624 with probably wife Ann and children Ruth married James Bates; and Mordecai. He removed to Nantasket, thence to Cape Ann and finally to Virginia.
Gen Reg of the First Settlers of NE pg 185: LYFORD, John came to NE in 1624, preached at Plymouth, from whence he went to Nantasket [Hull] and from thence to Cape Ann in 1625. For mutinous conduct, he was banished from Plymouth colony. He sailed in 1627, with some of his people to VA and d soon after. Prince, i. Annals, 148, 152, 154, 169. The name of Lyford exists in NH where are two magistrates bearing it. MORDICAI was of Hingham in 1642. pg 346 for Mordicai, read Mordecai.
Pioneers MA pg 296: LYFORD, Rev. John, went from Eng to Ireland about 1620; came to Plymouth in 1624. Proved wicked & treasonable. Rem to Nantasket, then to Cape Ann with Conant [Hub] thence to Va; d bef 10/10/1634, when his worthy widow Sarah m Edmund Hubbard, Sen. of Hingham. His ch Ruth & Mordecai receipted in 1641-2 for legacies left them in the will of their father. Ruth m 4/19/1643 James Bate [B] [Suff De I 27]. His son Obediah, clerk, d in Ireland & Mr. Hubbard was chosen guardian 8/6/1639 of Mordecai then 14 yrs old, who was to receive property which Obediah had left. Their mother sarah "widow of John Lyford, clerk" dec and wife of Edmund Hubbard, planter, ae about 53 yrs," testified. [L]
Genealogical Dictionary of New England 138: Bates, JAMES, Hingham, eldest s. prob. of Clement of the same, m. 19 Apr. 1642, or 3, Ruth Lyford, that may be conject. as d. of Rev. John, left by him when he went to Virg. had John, b. 1619 at Scituate, where he liv. some yrs. but ret. to H. had Benjamin. bapt. 15 July 5, perhaps others; and d. 5 July 1689. He petitn. the Gov. and Assist. for relief on acco. of two s. prest into the serv. against the Ind. His wid. d. 9 Mar. foll. Deane thot. him s. of James of Dorchester, but so do not I. His d. Rachel m. 8 May 1684, Caleb Lincoln.
Gen Dictionary of NE CD#169: LYFORD JOHN, Plymouth
1624, came that yr. prob. in the Charity with Edward Winslow, bring. w. and ch. prob. four, soon bred disturbance, and was forced to leave; went to preach to the fishermen at Nantasket, and next at Cape Ann,
and thence, Felt thinks, he accomp. Conant, 1626, to Naumkeag; but a. 1627 rem. with some adherents to Virg. and there d. soon, it is thot. A
reasona. conject. is, that be l ad w. Ann and ch. Ruth and Mordecai left at Nantasket, and that his wid. Ann, wh. d. July 1639; had m.
Edmund Hobart of Hingham. Ruth, in 1641, and Mordecai, next, yr. give to him discharge, as their stepfather, of certain tobacco and other
chatters, in the will of their f. John, giv. to them. Ruth m. 19 Apr.
Note-book of Thomas Lechford, Esq.... Savage has the following under John Lyford of Plymouth who bred disturbance there and was compelled to move away. About 1627 he moved with some adherents to Virginia and there died soon it is thought. A reasonable conjecture is that he had wife Ann and children Ruth and Mordecai left at Nantasket and that his widow Ann, who died 1639, had married Edmund Hobart of Hingham Mordecai Hingham 1642. And under Edmund Hobart he says I see reason to infer that a widow Lyford whom he married later in life was relict of that Rev John Lyford who was at Plymouth. This under the light of this entry and those immediately following is seen to be substantially correct. Sarah not Anne as Savage thinks had been the wife of Rev John Lyford first of Lebeleglish near Loughgaid Lough gall (see page 154 in the County of Armagh Ireland) and subsequently of Plymouth and elsewhere. Mordecai Lyford was their son born about 1625. For Ruth Lyford see Suff Deeds i 27 After the death of John Sarah married Oct 10 1634 in Charlestown Edmund Hobart of Hingham For John Lyford see Bradford's History of Plymouth
Essex Institute Historical Collection. John Lyford had several children how many came with him I cannot say. We have records of and and possibly. His widow Sarah married at Charlestown 10 Oct 1634 Edmund Hubbard. Hobart senior widower of Hingham Nantasket. she died 23 June 1649. His daughter Ruth married 19 Apr 1 643 James Bate. Bates and died 9 Mar 1689 90. There was an Ann Lyford who died at Hingham in July 1639 possibly she was a daughter of John Lyford ,In May 1635 there sailed from London in the Suzan & Ellen, Ann Lieford aged 13 years but where she afterwards lived is not known, She may have been a daughter of Lyford and the Ann who died in 1639, John Lyford's son Rev died in Ireland and Mr Hubbard was chosen 6 Aug 1639 guardian of Mordecai then 14 years old who was to receive property that Obediah had left, Mr Hubbard appointed William Bladen Alderman of Dublin and John Fisher of the same place attorneys to sell a lease at Leballeglish County Ardmagh. In 1642 are recorded in Suffolk Deeds Liber i receipts from Ruth aud Mordecay Lyford to their stepfather Edmund Hubbard of property left them by their father John Lyford by his last will and testament A record of his will has not been found aud therefore it is impossible to learn further of John Lyford's family Nothing further is known of Mordecai I have been unable to trace any connection between this John Lyford and Francis Lyford who first appears in Boston in 1667
The NE Historical & Genealogical Register 1848: The person so chosen was John Lyford who had been a minister in Ireland He came in a ship which arrived in March of 1624 At first he rendered himself agreeable to the emigrants and preached for them It was soon discovered that he and John Oldham were carrying out the designs of the dissatisfied members of the company in England by plotting as Mr Bradford states both against our church and government and endeavour to overthrow them The governor made himself acquainted with their policy but kept it secret till July when to use his own language Lyford and his few accomplices which the factious part of the adventurers sent judging their party strong enough rise up oppose the government and church draw a company apart set up for themselves and he would minister the sacrament to them by his Episcopal calling In reference to this subject Hubbard remarks that individuals who came over with Lyford affirmed that a principal reason why he and his supporters were treated as enemies by Governor Bradford and his council was their antipithy against the way of separation wherein those of Plymouth had been trained up under Mr Robinson The same author further observes that some of their friends yet surviving do affirm upon their own knowledge that the first occasion of the quarrel with them was the baptizing of Mr Hilton's child who was not joined to the church at Plymouth This attempted revolution was so much in accordance with the design of the council for New England to crush Congregationalism in the plantation of Plymouth and in every other which might be settled within their jurisdiction the conclusion forces itself on our minds that the advocates of Lyford in London cooperated with that respectable body The result of the effort made by this clergyman and his followers was their exclusion from the colony Among those so ejected was Roger Conant He appears to have come over in the same vessel which brought Lyford Though conscientiously in favor of reformed compliance with the institutions of the national church he did not suffer his passions to master his reason nor drive him to measures for compassing his wishes which could be justly impeached as either unmanly or unchristian Hubbard who was subsequently his neighbour and must have known him well confirms such a character of him and calls him a pious sober and prudent gentleman
America, History & Life: "Lincoln Herald 1977 79(4) 146-150 establishes the genealogical connection between Martha Lyford and Samuel Lincoln, who was the Emancipator's first ancestor named Lincoln to reach America. Martha Lyford, daughter of Rev. John Lyford, arrived in Plymouth Colony in 1624 from Armagh, Ireland, She may possibly have been born in Ireland."
A Loiterer in New England: When Roger Conant split away from the Plymouth Colony it was in company with others who sided with the Rev John Lyford who had been banished from that community. We read so much about the religious intolerance of the Puritan settlements that it seems only fair to acquit the Forefathers in this case of any religious prejudice. The case against the Rev John Lyford as related in the Bradford History has little enough to do with religion save where the offender profited by the protection of his cloth and makes as pretty a piece of common scandal as one could wish to read. Bradford deals with it with that naivete and simplicity that makes the charm of his narrative throughout, he never seems to judge in so many words, but one feels the intensely human passion through his temperate sentences and with what satisfaction he sits back and watches the working out of a divine vengeance. The specific charge against Lyford, the last straw added to much incriminating evidence of a similar nature adduced by his unfortunate wife. Bradford goes into with considerable restraint yet artfully disclosing the whole sordid story, a sordid story which is however perversely not without its distinctly humorous side. Lyford in his capacity as pastor of the flock is appealed to by one of the ingenuous young lambs to pass upon the worthiness of a young woman whom the youth thinks of taking for a wife yet holds his ardour in abeyance pending the decision of his spiritual adviser as to the wisdom of his choice. Lyford, with a caution all too exemplary, defers judgment putting the young lamb off until he can find occasion as he says to meet and know the young woman well enough to speak with authority upon so important a matter. There seems to have been nothing that Lyford would not do for a friend and so throwing himself without reserve into the investigation he informs himself upon the girl most thoroughly and capably leaving no aspect of her eligibility untested as all too lamentably comes out in her future state, but for the time Lyford seeks out our young man recommends his choice with warmth as fitted in every way to be his wife and so leaves it. The scoundrel had not counted, however, upon the girl's reaction her own fundamental integrity. She inevitably tells her husband and he of course bears the monstrous tale to the heads of the Plymouth Colony. Whether the truth of the matter was hushed up and the case put upon some political difference or whatever. Bradford does not make clear but at any rate we find Lyford leaving Plymouth immediately after followed by a certain number of loyal adherents. The seceders retired to Nantasket and it was from the temporary settlement there that the Dorchester company chose Roger Conant to take charge of the planting and fishing at Cape Ann. John Oldham, who was afterwards murdered by the Indians at Block Island, to superintend the Indian trade and Lyford to officiate as minister. Possibly the charge against the latter was not understood by the Patriarch of Dorchester at least Lyford's subsequent departure from Cape Ann to Virginia split up and nearly wrecked the community for most of the members wished to follow their pastor.
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