Oldham, Ouldam, Oldam, Oldeham

William OLDHAM

Spouse: Phillipa SOWTER (Philippa) married All Saints 11/17/1588 Derby Derbyshire ENG, buried 6/26/1636 [ancestry.com]

Children: John baptized All Saints 7/14/1592 Derby, married ___Bridges, lived Plymouth, Nantasket & Watertown,  killed in his bark at Rhode Island by the Indians 7/20/1636 precipitated the Pequot War, see Gallop, Smith Family, who discovered his body; Lucretia born 1/14/1599-00 Derby; Jacobus christened 6/12/1597; Elizabeth christened 2/24/1594; Thomas born 1602; 


Lucretia OLDHAM baptized 1/14/1600-1 All Sts Parish Derbyshire ENG, died 3/4/1678-9 Preston New London CT; came in "Anne" 1623 with brother John Oldham and sister-in-law 

Spouse: Jonathan BREWSTER born 8/12/1593 Scrooby, died Duxbury MA 8/7/1659, married 4/10/1624 Plymouth

Children: Mary born 4/16/1627 Plymouth married John Turner 11/10/1645 Scituate; William born 3/9/1624-25; Jonathan born 7/17/1627-9 married Mary Parrish; Benjamin born 11/17/1633 Duxbury, died Norwich CT 9/14/1710, married Ann Darte; Elizabeth born 5/1/1637; Grace born 11/1/1639 Duxbury, married Captain Daniel Wetherbell; Ruth born 10/1631 in Jones River died New London; Hannah born 11/3/1641 Duxbury, married Samuel Starr

Genealogical Register of Plymouth Families pg 96: OLDHAM John, came in the "Ann" 1623, returned to ENG 1628, came back 1629 and settled in Watertown.

Gen Reg of the First Settlers of NE 211: OLDHAM, JOHN, arrived at Plymouth, in the ship Ann, in July 1623, where he lived a short time; went to Nantasket, now Hull, and from thence to Cape Ann. He was admitted freeman 18 May, 1631, when he probably resided in Watertown, which town he represented in the first general court of Mass in 1634. He was killed in his bark at Rhode-Island, by the Indians, in August 1636. It is said his posterity still remain in Mass. and one of the name of John Oldham died at Danvers in 1827. 2 Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. x. Index.

Topographical pg 17: OLDHAM, John; Derby Derbyshire; "Anne"; Plymouth MA; Ref Banks Mss. pg 103: OLDHAM, John; St Stephens Coleman St London; "Anne"; Plymouth MA; Banks Mss

Mayflower Increasings pg 24: Jonathan Brewster b 8/12/1593 Scrooby Eng d 8/7/1659 New London Ct bur Preston Ct; m 4/10/1624 Plymouth Lucretia Oldham (dau of William Oldham & Phillipa Sowter) bpt 1/14/1600 Parish of All Saints Derby/Darby Eng, d 3/4/1678-9 Norwich Ct bur Preston Ct.

Pioneers MA pg 334: OLDHAM, OULDAM, Mr. John, came to Plymouth in 1623. Was associated with Lyford in schemes to overthrow the gov and substitute episcopal rule; wrote letters to persons in Eng who were hostile to the Colony; was detected and banished. The Western Adventurerers of Dorchester Eng sent him to Cape ann in 1625, but he accomplished nought. He went to Eng and came again in 1630. Settled at Watertown. Frm 5/18/1631. Deputy 1634-5. Gen Court granted him a farm at Wat; this he mortg to Mr. Craddock. Was on imp committees. Had grants from the Indians of islands in Narragansett Bay. Was slain by Indians while on a trading voyage at Block Island in 7/1636 [W & B]. John ae 12 came in the Elizabeth & Ann 5/1635, res at Duxbury atba 1643; and Thomas ae 10, who came at the same time, res at Scituate, m 11/20/1656 [1657] Mary Witherell; had ch Mary b 8/20/1658, Thomas b 10/30/166. Mmay both be children of 1st John above.

NEHGR LXXXIX, July 1935 pg 280: One cause of the Pequot War had been the killing of Mr. John Oldham of Watertown by the Indians at Block Island in July 1636. Mr. John Oldham, with his wife and Lucretia Oldham, arrived at Plymouth in the ship Ann on 7/10/1623. Lucretia Oldham "of Darby" was married 4/10/1624 to Elder William Brewster's son, Jonathan Brewster, who had arrived at Cape Cod 11/9/1621 in the Fortune, not in the Mayflower. Born at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire 8/12/1593, and reared at Leyden, in the Protestant Netherlands, Jonathan Brewster spoke Dutch fluently. "Mungrel Dutch," Samuel Maverick called the Plymouth Pilgrims. The youngest daughter of Jonathan and Lucretia (Oldham) Brewster, Hannah Brewster, was married at New London, CT 12/23/1664 to Dr. Thomas Starr's son, Samuel Starr. At first one of the leading men at Plymouth, Mr. John Oldham finally was expelled, moved to "Natascot" (Hull), and, allying himself with the fortunes of Sir Ferdinando Gorges and his sons, later moved across the Bay, when Rev. William Blaxton and Mr. William Jeffries as agents of Georges put him in possession of the territory along the seacoast from the Saugus River to the Charles River--years before Winthrop arrived--including Charlestown and a large part of Watertown. /P/ In 7/1636 John Gallop of Dorchester was at Block Island, and there learned that Indians had killed Mr. John Oldham and seized his boat and goods and also his gold, amounting, says Lion Gardiner, to 60. Bradford wrote (p. 131): "2 little boys that were his kinsmen [John Oldham, 13, and Thomas Oldham, 11, no doubt] were saved." Gallop at once retaliated by killing many Indians--Narragansetts, Block Island being in their territory, seven of whom the Narragansett sachem Miantonomah in 1636 said were Indian chiefs....

 Plymouth Colony, its history & people, 1620-1691: "John Oldham was a coconspirator of John Lyford in 1624 & as a consequency was exiled from Plymouth Colony. He went first to Nantasket (Hull) but in 1625 returned to Plymouth in spite of his banishment. ..... He was killed by Indians while on a trading voyage to Block Island in 1636. ..... Oldham's murder was one of the immediate causes of the Pequot War.
//P// Lucretia Oldham - She was the sister of John Oldham q.v. and wife of Jonathan Brewster q.v.The Brewster Book (M.D.1:8) records that Jonathan Brewster married "Lucretia Oldam of Darby the 10th April 1624."  A note by John G. Hunt (NEHGR 111:242) shows a baptized Lucretia, daughter of William Ouldham in the Parish of All Staints, Derby, Derbyshire on 14 January 1600/01. William Ouldham had married Phillipa Sowter there on 17 November 1588.

Proceedings on the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the permanent settlement of Weymouth: This was the Rev John Lyford. A detailed account of the somewhat high handed proceedings of the Plymouth authorities in regard to this individual and John Oldham is found in Bradford's history. The ceremonial of Oldham's expulsion from Plymouth was formal but peculiar. Morton gives the following account of it "A lane of Musketiers was made and hee compelled in scorne to passe along betweene & to receave a bob upon the bumme be every musketier and then a board a shallop and so convaycd to Wessaguscus shoare & staid at Massachussets to whome John Layford and some few more did resort where Master Layford freely executed his office and preached every Lords day and yet maintained his wife & children, foure or five, upon his industry there with the blessing of God and the plenty of the Land without the helpe of his auditory in an honest and laudable manner till hee was wearied and made to leave the Country. (New English Canaan p 81, see also Bradford p 190) This took place early in 1625 but the Oldham and Lyford settlement was at Hull not at Wessagusset and lasted but little over a year (note to Bradford p 195).

?? The chronicles of the collegiate church or free chapel of All Saints, Derby: 1592 Sep 31 Ricus filius Wilmi Sowter sep 31 die ex peste. The Plauge began in Darby in the house of William Sowter bootcher in the parishe of All Sts in Darby, Robertt Woode Ironmonger & Robertt Brookhouse ye Tanner beinge then bayliffes and so continued in the Towne the space of 12 moneths at ye least as by the Register may appeare. //P// List of churchwardens: 1531-2 John Sowter. //P// Sm to s solut' pro diet' Roberto Lyv'sege iiij iiijj. Receyved of the saide Robert lyv'sege the Wedynsday nexte befor palme sonday the xx yer of kynge henry the viij by the hands of mr ballyve warde And Raufe ley the saide mr lyv'sege p'ste xxijs viijd And delyvered to the chnrchwardyns Elsie symson John steade John sowtar and Willm yates to the byldyng of the alhaloes steple. //P// Item paid to John Sowtar  for the scoyryng of ye candelstykks...iiijd //P// And to John sowt' for sod' and medyng of the church rove of ye north parte xvjd.

 The new British traveller By James Dugdale: Derby has been visited by the plague several times and in the year 1592 and 1593 several hundred inhabitants fell victims to its ravages. In the register of All Saints parish it is thus noticed: October 1592 The plague began in Derby in the house of William Sowter Bookseller or --- in the parish of All Saints in Derby &c and it continued in the town the space of twelve months at the worst as by the register may appear ---  October 1593 About this tyme the plague of pestilence by the great mercy and goodness of Almighty God stayed past all expectation of man for it rested upon assudayne at what tyme it was dispersed in every corner of this whole parishe thir was not two houses together frie from it and yet the Lord had the angell stey as in Davide's tyme. His name be blessed for ytt. In 1665 when London was depopulated by the same dreadful calamity the plague again broke out at Derby and proved so fatal that the country people refused to bring their commodities to the market place. To prevent a famine the inhabitants raised a pile of stones in an open space on the west side of the town near the buildings now called Friar Gate it received the name of Headless Cross and consisted of four or five quadrangular steps with one large stone covering the centre. Hither after precautionary measures to prevent infection the market people resorted and placing their provisions on the ground retired to a distance till the buyer who was not permitted to touch any article before purchased had concluded his agreement and deposited the money in a vessel filled with vinegar. The plague is said to have never infected the premises of a tobacconist, a tanner, or a shoe maker.

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