John JOHNSON of Ware, Hertfordshire, born circa 1588,  freeman granted 5/18/1631, came with Winthrop Fleet 1630, one of first comers to Roxbury church, Quartermaster, member of Ancient & Honorable Artillery Co., Surveyor General of all Arms,  will dated 9/30/1659, died 9/29/1659 Roxbury, home caught fire and burned 3/1645 taking with it the large part of the colony's gunpowder

Spouse:  Margery HEATH   married at Ware, Hertfordshire 9/21/1613, buried 5/15/1629 Ware; he married  (2)  Margery ___ married by 1633, buried 6/9/1655 Roxbury; (3) by 1656 Grace (Negus) Fawer widow of Barnabus Fawer, date of will 12/21/1671,  probate 12/29/1671

Children: Mary baptized Ware 7/31/1614 married by 1636 Roger Mowry and (2) John Kingsley 3/16/1673/4 at Rehoboth; Isaac baptized Ware End, Great Amwell  2/11/1615-16, married Elizabeth Porter in Roxbury, killed in King Phillips War while storming the Narragansett Fort 1675; John baptized Ware End 4/8/1618 buried 7/8/1627 Ware;  Humphrey;  Elizabeth baptized Ware End 8/22/1619, married Roxbury 3/14/1642-3 Robert Pepper; Joseph baptized Ware End 4/20/1622 buried 5/122; Susan baptized Ware End 7/16/1623 buried Ware 8/16/1629; Sarah baptized Ware 11/12/1624 married Hugh Burt and William Bartram; Joseph baptized Ware 3/6/1626-7 buried 3/30/1627;  Hannah baptized Ware 3/23/1627-8


Humphrey JOHNSON, baptized Ware End, Great Amwel, Herfordshirel 11/5/1620, Sergeant, in Scituate 1651. served In King Philip's War under his brother Capt. Isaac Johnson, removed to Hingham 1673, died Hingham 7/24/1693,  had an uncommon inclination towards lawsuits - History of Scituate; came with Winthrop Fleet in 1630

Spouse: Ellen CHENEY born in England circa 1623 married 3/20/1642,3 Roxbury, died 9/28/1678 Hingham; he married (2) Abigail (Stansfield) May widow of Samuel May 12/6/1678 Roxbury

Children: of 1st wife: Mehitable born Roxbury 9/1644, baptized 3/29/1646, died 8/4/1689, married Samuel Hinsdale, John Root & John Coleman; Martha baptized Roxbury 9/1/1647, died 1714, married Obadiah Morse; Deborah baptized Roxbury 1/20/1650 probably died 4/1/1669; John born Scituate 3/1653, baptized 5/8/1653, drowned Hingham 6/12/1674; Joseph / Josepth born Scituate 6/24/1655 died young, possibly Joseph who died 1676 below;  Benjamin born Scituate 8/27/1657, died Hingham 3/26/1707 age 50, married 6/11-12/1683 Rebecca Hersey daughter of William & Rebecca (Chubbuck) Hersey; Margaret born Scituate 12/1659, died Hingham 6/5/1739 age 80, married Josiah Leavitt;  Mary baptized Scituate 4/19/1663; Nathaniel born Hingham 1/19/1655[/6], died 5/4/1755 age 90 Pomfret CT,   married Abigail May daughter of step-mother & Samuel May; Isaac born Hingham 1/12/1667-8 or 2/18/1667-8, died West Bridgewater 5/27/1738 age 71, married about 1690 Abigail (Leavitt) Lasell;  Joseph died Hingham 9/5/1676 may be same as Joseph above.  Children by 2nd wife: John born Roxbury 11/17/1679; died Colchester CT 8/7/1775 married 1702 Mary Ramsey; Deborah born Hingham 2/19/1682-3, married Roxbury 12/19/1705 Isaac Davis


Margaret JOHNSON born Scituate 12/1659, baptized Second Church Scituate 2/26/1659[/60]; died Hingham 6/5/1739 age 80; married Hingham 10/20/1676

Spouse: Josiah LEAVITT, cooper, farmer, born in Hingham 5/4/1653, died 9/14/1708 age 55

Children: Josiah born 7/28/1679 married Abigail Gill; Joseph 7/23/1681 married Judith Hobart; Margaret born 10/20/1683; Jeremiah 8/21/1685 married Jael Hobart; Joshua born 8/1/1687; David born 8/16/1691; Asaph 7/31/1695; Hezekiah born 9/17/1697 married Mary Beal & Grace Hatch; Mary born 10/7/1699 married Matthew Cushing


Margaret LEAVITT born 10/20/1683

Spouse: Caleb LINCOLN married 11/17/1709

Children: Thankful

The Great Migration Begins: John Johnson. Origin: Ware, Hertfordshire. Migration: 1630. First Residence: Roxbury.  Occupation: Quartermaster. On 8 Sep 1642 John Johnson was assigned the duty of distributing the gunpowder to the major towns in the colony "taking into serious consideration the present danger of each plantation by the desperate plots & conspiracies of the heathen" [MBCR 2:26]. On 7 March 1643/4 Richard Davenport, Captain of the Fort of the Massachusetts at Castle Island, was instructed to demand at any time from John Johnson, surveyor general, for every soldier one sufficient musket, sword, rest and pair of bandilers with two fathom of match for each musket [MBCR 2:65]. He signad a report of the committee concerning the rebuilding of the castle and batteries on Castle Island 20 July 1652 [MA Arch 67:102].  Church Membership: "John Johnson" was #9 on Eliot's list among the first comers to the Roxbury Church, without comment [RChR 74]. Freeman: Requested 19 Oct 1630 and admitted 18 May 1631 [MBCR 1:80, 366].  Education:  His inventory included "two Bibles, one psal book and eight books more 1 5s. "but he made his mark to his will.  Offices: Deputy for Roxbury to General Court, 1634-57 [MBCR 1:117,135, 145, 164, 173, 178, 185, 192, 194, 204, 220, 227, 235, 319, 2:22, 55, 145, 186, 238, 265, 3:9, 39, 44, 62, 105, 121, 147, 183, 220, 259, 297, 422]. Committee to view ground and set bounds for Charlestown and Newton 7 Nov 1632 [MBCR 1:101]. Committee to put a cart bridge over Muddy River, 6 Aug 1633 [MBCR 1:107]. Committee to purchase lands for the Indians "to live in an orderly way amongst us", 4 Nov 1646 [MBCR 2:166]. Arbiter in Saltonstall vs Watertown 27 Oct 1647 [MBCR 2:201]. Paymaster for the building of Boston prison 17 Oct 1649 [MBCR 2:282, 288]. Committee to properly supply ministers 6 May 1657 [MBCR 3:423-24]. Committee to settle impotent aged persons or vagrants 14 May 1645 [MBCR 3:15], and numerous other committee appointments.  Coroner's jury, 28 Sep 1630 [MBCR 1:77]. Roxbury constable 19 Oct 1630 [MBCR 1:79].  Admitted to ancient and Hororable Artillery Company, 1638 [HAHAC 1:66-67]. Surveyor General of Arms and Ammunition, 8 Sep 1642 [MBCR 2:26, 3:147].  Committee to review colony defenses, 26 May 1647 [MBCR 2:197, 228].  Estate:  On 1 Apr 1634 he paid 20s. toward the building of the seafort [MBCR 1:113].  In the earliest list of Roxbury inhabitants, about 1642, John Johnson's valuation of 15 12s. and 6 8s., with six goats and four kids, was one of the highest in the town [RBOP 405].  In the Roxbury land inventory in the early 1650s John Johnson held thirteen parcels, six of which had been granted to him by the town: 'his house, barn and house lot on the back side of his orchard, together with liberty to enclose the swamp and brook," eight acres; three acres of marsh; twenty acres of mowing ground; ten acres of woodland; four acres by Rocky Swamp; one hundred and ten acres and one quarter in the last division, first and third allotments; fifty-one and a half acres in the thousand acres near Dedham, bought of Edward Porter and John Pettit; six acres bought of James Morgan; sixteen acres and a half bought of Richard Goad; an acre and a quarter lately the land of Thomas Lamb; three acres of woodland lately the land of John Stebbins; four acres of fresh meadow "lately bought of John Parepoynt"; and thirteen acres and twenty rods of land, wood and pasture bought of Thomas Gardner [RBOP 16-17].  He took in a servant, Samuel Hefford, for three years on 1 Dec 1640 [MBCR 1:311]. He deposed 7 Sep 1642 that he had sold three acres of meadow to John Sams [SLR 1:37].  John Johnson was granted 40 "for his service done the country diverse years past" on 14 May 1645 [MBCR 2:99, 103. On 7 Oct 1646 he petitioned with others for the land formerly granted them between Dedham, Watertown and Sudbury; Johnson was to receive four hundred and thirty-six acres [MBCR 2:163, 184]. On 18 Oct 1648, John Johnson and others were to receive lands formerly granted between Andover and Redding "in the place whereabouts the bridge should be built" [MBCR 2:256].  He sold one hundred acres to Richard Parker, 24 May 1650 [MA Arch 45:17].  On 22 June 1652, John Johnson received land in Roxbury from Thomas and Dorothy Hawley [MA Arch 67:102].  In May 1656, John Johnson and Eleazer Fawer were instructed by the General Court to divide the estate of Barnabus Fawer equally so that Johnson's third wife, Grace (Negus) Fawer, and her son Eleazer Fawer received half each [MBCR 3:402].  On 6 May 1657 "Mr. John Johnson having been long serviceable to the country in the place of surveyor general, for which he hath never had a satisfaction, which this Court considering of, think meet to grant his three hundred acres in any place where he can find it" [MBCR 3:430].  Within the year, Johnson had sold his land to Mr. William Parks [MBCR 4:1:354].  In his will dated 30 Sep 1659 and proved 15 Oct 1659, "John Johnson of Roxbury" bequeathed to "my beloved wife" my dwelling house and certain lands "I have already given" during her natural life according to a dee, also 60 for her household furniture "which house and lands, after my wife's decease, I give unto my five children to be equally divided, my eldest son having a double portion"; to "my two grandchildren who have lived with me, Elizabeth Johnson and Mehittable Johnson" 5 each; to "my sons Isaak Johnson & Robert Pepper"  confirm the parcel of lands of fifty-five acres in the third division "I have formerly given" them; residue to "my five children equally divided, my eldest son having a double portion"; sons Isaac Johnson & Robert Pepper executors; "my dear brethren Elder Heath and Deacon Park" overseers; "If my children should disagree in any thing I do order them to choose one man more, to these y overseers, & stand to their determination" [SPR Case #218].  The inventory of "John Johnson late of Roxbury" was presented 15 Oct 1659 and totalled 623 1s. 6d., of which more than 350 was real estate: "20 acres of meadow," 80; "the house and land about it," 190; "one lot near Stoney River let to John Peairepoint for years," 40; "in the Great Lots one pasture of about twenty acres," 40; and "about ten acres of land near the Great Lots and twelve acres bought of Thomas Garner." [blot].  Among the many domestic luxuries in this inventory were a considerable number of linens, cushions, rugs and blankets. Her personal military accoutrements included "two fowling pieces and one cutlass, 2" [SPR Case #218].  In her will dated 21 Dec 1671 and proved 29 Dec 1671, "Grace Jonson" "very weak in body" bequeathed to "my two brothers Jonathan and Benjamin" all my estate equally divided; "my brother Jonathan Negus" excutor, "they shall give to them that was helpful to me in my sisckness" [Spr 7:175].  Birth: By about 1588 based on date of first marriage.  Death: Roxbury 30 Sep 1659 ("John Johnson, Surveyor General of all the arms, died & was buried the day following" [RChR 176].) Marriage: (1) Ware, Hertfordshire, 21 Sep 1613, Mary Heath; she was buried at Ware 15 May 1629.  (2) By 1633 Margery _____. "Margery Johnston [sic] the wife of John Johnson" was #90 on Eliot's list and probably came to NE in the spring of 1633 [RChR 79]. "Margery Johnson, the wife of John Johnson," was buried at Roxbury 9 June 1655 [RChR 176].  (3) By 1656 Grace (Negus) Fawer, widow of Barnabas Fawer [MBCR 3:402]; she died after 21 Dec 1671 (date of will) and before 29 Dec 1671 (probate of will).  Children:  i. Mary bp Ware 1614; m. (1) by 1636 Roger Mowry; m (2) Rehoboth 16 Mar 1673/4 John Kingsley.  ii.  Isaac bp Ware End, Geat Amwell 11 Feb 1615/6; m Roxbury 20 Jan 1636/7 Elizabeth Porter [NEHGR 148:45].  iii. John bp Ware End, Great Amwell 8 Apr 1618; bur Ware 7/8/1627.  iv.  Elizabeth bp Ware End, Great Amwell 222 Aug 1619; m Roxbury 14 Mar 16422/3 Robert Pepper.  v.  Humphrey bp Ware End, Great Amwell 5 Nov 1620; m. (1) Roxury 20 Mar 1641/2 Ellen Cheney; m (2) Roxbury 6 Dec 1678 Agigail (Stanfield_ May, widow of Samuel May.  vi.  Joseph bp Ware End, Great Amwell 20 Apr 1622; bur there [blank] May 1622.  vii.  Susan bp Ware End, Great Amwell 16 July 1623; bur at Ware 16 Aug 1629.  viii.  Sarah bp Ware 12 Nov 1624; bp Ware 12 Nov 1624; m (1) by 1647 Hugh Burt (possibly Hannah below was his wife); m (2) by July 1653 William Bartram (child b before April 1654).  ix.  Joseph bp Ware 6 Mar 1626/7; bur Ware 30 Mar 1627.  x.  Hannah bp Ware 23 Mar 1627/8; no further record unless she is the wife of Hugh Burt, above.  Associations:  John Johnson's first wife, Mary Heath, was sister to William Heath and Isaac Heath of Roxbury. While there is no doubt that one of the five children named by John Johnson in his will was at one time the wife of Hugh Burt, it is not certain which daughter, Sarah or Hannah, she might have been. Sarah is the more likely candidate, and if it was she, then she went on to marry William Bartram. This difficult and unsolved problem has been discussed by Helen S. Ullmann and by Dean Crawford Smith and Melinde Lutz Sanborn [TEG 6:178-84; Angel Anc 390; see also NEHGR 149:230-39.  Comments:  JOhn Johnson was the confidant of power men, filled an important position in the affairs of the early colony and in the development of its defenses, and was involved as an overseer, attorney, witness and appraiser in the affairs of many of his neighbors [Lechford 60, 207, 255, 294,; SPR Case #43, 83, 96, 134, 196; SLr 1:30, 107, 137, 215, 238, 327 2:237-38, 341; MA Arch 15B:151].  He owned a considerable estate at his death. With all these advantages, he kept a low profile in his personal life and never achieved a consistent rank of "Mr."  John Johnson was freed from training, paying 10s. a year to the company, 31 Oct 1639, and the following year was freed entirely, in "regard of other public service without any pay to the company" [MBCR 1:282, 315].  This implied that he was not yet sixty years old in 1640.  A great tragedy to the Johnson family as well as the town of Roxbury, occurred when John Johnson's house, with a substantial supply of the colony's gunpowder therein, caught fire and burned in March of 1645. Many of the major diarists of the time recorded the event:  "John Johnson, the surveyor general of ammunition, a very industrious and faithful man in his place, having built a fair house in the midst of the town, with diverse barns and other outhouses, it fell on fire in the daytime, no man knowing by what occasion, and there being in it seventeen barrels of the country's powder, and many arms, all was suddenly burnt and blown up, to the value of four or five hundred pounds, wherein a special providence of God appeared, for he, being from home, the people came together to help and many were in the house, no man thinking of the powder till one of the company put them in mind of it, whereupon they all withdrew, and soon after the powder took fire and blew up all about it, and shook the houses in Boston and Cambridge, so as men thought it had been an earthquake [W] 2:259]." Eliot remarked, "In this fire were strange preservations of God's providence to the neighbors & town, for the wind at first stood to carry the fire to other houses, but suddenly turned & carried it from all other houses, only carring it to the brns and outhousing thereby, & it was a fierce wind, & thereby drove the vehement heat from the neighbor houses [RChR 188]." At the General Court 14 May 1645, John Johnson moved that copies be made of important documents that had "very hardly escaped" the fire [MBCR 3:13].  Assistant Governor, Thomas Dudley, was a close associate of John Johnson's and Dudley bequeathed to "John Johnson, surveyor general of the Arms and one of his beloved friends" 5 if he lived two years after Dudley's death, and asked that Johnson and the others should "do for me and mine as I would have done for them & theirs in the like case" [SPR Case #129].  Bibliographic Note:  John Johnson has been frequently treated in print by excellent genealogiests. In 1948 Mary Lovering Holman produced an account that would be the standard for many years {Stevens-Miller 318-22].  In 1992 Douglas Richardson and the team of Dean Crawford Smith and Melinde Lutz Sanborn simultaneously and independently discovered the English origin of John Johnson and published useful information on his family and his many connections with other early NE immigrants [NEHGR 146:261-78; Angell Anc 377-91].  

Early New England Families 1641 - 1700: Humphrey JohnsonMigration/Residences: To New England with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, age 10, with parents and siblings Mary, 16, Isaac 14, Elizabeth 11, and Sarah 6 (or Hannah?) They settled in Roxbury MA. Humphrey removed to Scituate by 1630, then to Hingham by 1669.  Parentage/Family: Second surviving son of ten children of John Johnson (GMB, 11:1105-10, WF, 415-21) and his first wife Mary Heath, sister of William Heath (GMB, 11:901-04).  His older brother Isaac Johnson (EF) remained in Roxbury. Their oldest sister, Mary married Roger Mowry (GMB, 11:1315-46) The will of John Johnson, dated 30 Sep 1659 directs that his estate be equally divided among his five children, but only names his eldest son Isaac and son-in-law Robert Pepper. He bequeaths to "my two grandchildren who have lived with me, Elizabeth Johnson and Mehittabel Johnson, each of them 5 this to be paide them one yeare after my decease."  Birth/Baptism: Baptized Ware End, Great Amwell Hertfordshire, England, 5 Nov 1620.  Death/Burial: Died Hingham 24 July 1691.  Married: (1) Roxbury, 20 Mar 1642/3. Bride: Ellen/Eleanor Cheney. Parentage/Family: Eldest child and daughter of William and Margaret (___) Cheney, who were in Roxbury by 1639 with their four eldest children. Her sister Margaret married Thomas Hastings (GM2, III:235-40) as his second wife. The will of William Cheney, dated 30 Apr 1667, left to his daughter  Ellin "10 to be paid ... out of my stock" and one fourth of one half of the residue of the estate.  Birth/Baptism: Born in England about 1623.  Death/Burial: Died Hingham, 28 Sep 1678, "Humphery Johnsons wife dyed in the bed in the night by him."  Married (2) Roxbury, 6 Dec 1678. Bride: Abigail (Stansfield) May. Parentage/Family: Daughter of Gideon and Grace (Eastwood) Stansfield. Her sister Miriam Stansfield married James Draper.  ,,, Land/Property: On 22 Sep 1643, Humphrey Johnson mortgaged to his father and William Parke his house and yard in Roxbury lately purchased of Jacob Sheafe and one lot in the last division, the mortgage was released 27 Apr 1655. The Roxbury town records for 21 Feb 1648 included a memorandum that "it was voted that those youngmen w[torn] have payd Rates to Towne charges and have no land as yet Allotted to them" were to have portions allotted from land not yet disposed of. The men were "John Stebbin, William Lyon, Humfry Johnson, George [torn]." The Roxbury land inventory compiled about  1634 shows that John Hanchet held two parcels, including four acres bought from Humphrey Johnson.  Dec 1674 the town of Scituate granted ten acres of land to the heirs of Humphrey Turner and "Humphrey Johnson of Hingham did Reply in the said meeting saying I Clayme the privelidge appertaining to Humphrey Turner as to the fevission aforesaid for I have deed to shew that I am heier to Humphrey Turner."  In the list of land owned by Roxbury proprietors in Woodstock made 26 Feb 1695/6 included lot No 141 of 2 1/2 acres, Widow Abigail Johnson. On 2 Feb 1711[/12?], Abigail Johnson of Roxbury,, widow of Humphrey Johnson late of Hingham, husbandman, deceased, sold for 20 s. to John Mercy Sr. of Woodstock two acres and one half of land in Woodstock "being the hundred & Forty first lott lying Between the lott of John Sever & the lott laid out for Abigail & Mehitabel Heath. The 19 July 1713 report of the First Range of lots inn the Second Division in Woodstock included No. 9, "Widow Johnson, 2 3/4 acres allowance for quality 2 3/4 acres, whole quantity, 5 1/2 acres." Community: He was propounded to be a freeman in June 1655 but not admitted until June 1658. Constable at Scituate in 1658. Church: Three children baptized at Second Church in Scituate between 1657 and 1663; three children baptized at Peter Hobart's church in Hingham in 1666, 1680 and 1683.  Military: Soldier in the company of his brother Capt. Isaac Johnson during King Philip's war and at the battle where Isaac was killed. In March 1657/8, Humphrey Johnson complained against Capt. James Cudworth and others for firing Johnson "for not training, after the said cap had refused to let him traine."  CourtHuphrey Johnson must have had some training in the law and no compunction about exercising it relentlessly in the Plymouth Colony courts, often to the bemusement of the magistrates who in at least one case overturned the jury's decision. Humphrey's nature was mercurial, abrasive, but persuasive in front of juries. Multiple suits were filed in the 1650s and 1660s invlving defamations both by and about Johnson regarding his competence in performing his duties as constable, killing John Palmer's swine, detaining part of Nathaniel Morton's wages, and serving warrants on the Lord's day. Humphrey was accused of stealing William Randall's "cooper timber, buth staves and boults, by night and day." Every suit against Humphrey was answered with a countersuit by him, which he won more often than not.  Underscoring these cases was a dispute between Johnson and the town of Scituate over rights to divisions in the common lands that he had purchased from the heirs of several town founders. The town did not recognize his right to these shares because he lived in Hingham. This didn't stop Humphrey who was accused of "felling, cutting, and carrying away, this severall yeares, both cedar and oake timber of from the commons" and "carrying awway of timber, and barke, and railes, of from our townes lands." In 1681 John Bryant of Scituate accused Humphrey Johnson and a number of Lincolns from Hingham of making "strip and wast by felling, squaring, and carrying away timber" from Bryant's land in the previous five years.  In March 1673/4 "Humphrey Johnson, having come into the Government without leave of the Governor and two of the Assistants (contrary to law), is now ordered to remove his dwelling and cottage, erected within the town of Scituate, within one month from the date hereof, or else order shall be given for the pulling down thereof." On 30 Mar 1674 "upon the request of Humphrey Johnson of Hingham, the selectmen of Hingham [granted him[ liberty to remove his house off Scituate Land unto Hingham Towne Common Land [at Liberty Plain[, and he is to remove it off Hingham Land again at three months warning." On 22 Apr 1675 he was granted "certain privileges for improvements by the Hingham selectmen, and admonished, concerning the establishing of certain fence lines, 'to regard the matter quietly.'"  Humphrey apparently never did anything quietly.  In Jully 1682 the court recorded, "Whereas there hath bin a longe and uncomfortable controversy and severall vexacious suits between Humphrey Johnson, of Hingham, and the committee and others the inhabitants of Scituate, respecting the said Johnsons claimes of an interest in the individed [lands] of said Scituate for four properties hee pretends to have therein" the court ordered that 250 acres of land be laid out for him under the condition that Johnson "doth consent, and hath before this Court engaged, that it shalbe a full and final issue of all the said controversies...."  However, in 1683 Johnson accused the court of putting stop to this order. The court tried putting a stop to Humphrey's suits, claiming they did not have jurisdiction, but he countered by making them admit in writing that his point was valid.  In Oct 1684, a jury found in Johnson's favor although the Governor stated he didn't understand the verdict, but because the Scituate representative said he was content with it, the court issued an execution for Johnson to collect his land and costs of the suit.. Johnson was still not happy in 1687 when he went to Governor General Sir Edmund Andros and claimed he had not had his full rights in Scituate. The town responded that all claims had been satisfied, noting "that the original writ and process thereupon was altogether tortious and wrong, and yet what was obtained by judgement of Court had been satisfied." Despite this Andros furnished Johnson with a warrant, and Johnson l=had his surveyor lay out "one hundred acres at the head of Richard Dwelly's lot - one hundred acres at Burnt plain and one hundred acres at Halifax cedar swamp." The town complained "in a very spirited declaration, showing that much of the land laid out by Johnson had already been appropriated to others - that Johnson "had already been accommodated with thrice sixty-five acres to the full amount of his claim as principal and successor to two others."' The grant was probably never confirmed and ended when Andros was overthrown. On 15 July 1696, after Humphrey's death, John Bryant "resigned to the town ... his claim to one hundred acres of upland, that he had held by virtue of a release signed by Mr. William Bradford and two deeds signed by Humphrey Johnson, decesed dated 12 Mar 1689[/90] and 2 June 1690; Humphrey Johnson had obtained the land (which belonged to the common lands of Scituate) illegally by patent from Sir Edmund Andros."  Occupation: Husbandman and Litigator.  Personal: Deane in his history of Scituate formed the opinion that "Scrj. Johnson was a capable man in public affairs, and often employed in Town business, in the early part of his life; but he had an uncommon inclination to law suits, and few men have left on the records of the Court, so many evidences of his litigious disposition." Charles Pope in The Cheney Genealogy described Humphrey as "a man of affairs."  Estate: Humphrey Johnson distributed his estate by deed before his death. On 3 Apr 1682 Humphrey Johnson and wife Abigail of Hingham gave for "fatherly love, good will and affection ... unto Benjamin Johnson the well beloved Sonn of me the said Humphrey Johnson" ten acres in two great lots partly in Hingham and partly in Scituate, that he had purchased from James Wilton Sr., and formerly land of Aaron Ludkin that Johnson bought from William Ripley; also two adjoyning acres that was part of the great lot of Thomas Nicholls, "on which two Acres of Land the sd Benjamin Johnson hth built a  dwelling house," reserving to Humphrey land for a highway through; also "one propriety in Scituate Township, in all the land that was stated by the Towne of Scituate to lye perpetual common ..." containing five acres near Mast Bridge; also "one acre fresh meadow on the west side of the Brook ..." On 26 Mar `1688 Humphrey and Abigail gave "for the natural love and affection ... unto their son Isaack Johnson as also for other good causes that he said Isaack Johnson promiss and engage to the sd Humphrey Johnson his father as by agreement in Writing may fully appear ..." all of the upland and swamp in Hingham, house, barne, orchard, etc.; fresh marsh in Hingham at Marsh Bridge; right of improvement of the commons in Scituate "to be enjoyed by his as the son of an ancient inhabitant." On 20 July 1688 he and Abigail for "the love and natural affection which we bear unto our Children John and Deborah Johnson" gave them all of the 100 acres of Scituate "Called Burnt Plaine ..." or to the survivor if John died before age 21 or marriage or Deborah before age 18 or marriage, plus the privilege in the Commons. Wife Abigail, James Witton Senr. and Elisha Besbey both of Hingham were named overseers on behalf of the children, with Humphrey reserving rights to improvement of twenty acres for his lifetime; signed by Humphrey Johnson, and "Abigail Johnson Senior" made her mark.  Children of Humphrey and Ellen (Cheney)) Johnson: i. Mehitable Johnson, b. Roxbury, Sep 1644; bp. Roxbury, 29 Mar 1646; d. 4 Aug 1689; m. (1) Medfield 31 Oct 1660, Samuel Hinsdale, son of Robert and Ann ___ Hinsdale, bp. Pulham St. Mary the Virgin, Norfolk, Eng 28 Jn 1636[/7]; d. Deerfield 12 Sep 1675. She m. (2) 1676, John Root, son of Thomas Root, b. Hartford, CN, b. 10 June 1646, d. Deerfield, 19 Sep 1677, (3) 11 Mar 1676, John Coleman, son of Thomas Colemen. Coleman m. (1) Hannah Porter, (3) Mary ___ Stebbins, wid. Thomas Stebbins.  ii. Martha Johnson, bp Roxbury, 12 Sep 1647; d. 1714, m. Obadiah Morse, son of Daniel and Lydia (Fisher) Morse, b. 8 Aug 1639; d. Sherborn, 4 Mar 1704.  iii. Deborah  Johnson, bp. Roxbury 20 Jan 1650; probably the Deborah who died at Hingham 1 Apr 1669, althogh Hingham (1893) states she was born in 1661, a date than cannot be confirmed.  iv. John Johnson, b. Scituate Mar 1653; bp. Second Church, Scituate 8 May 1653; drowned Hingham 12 June 1674. v.  Joseph [Josepth] Johnson, b. Scituate 24 June 1655; d. "soon" according to Hingham Hist; possibly the Joseph who died 1676, below.  vi. Benjamin Johnson, b. Scituate, 27 Aug 1657; bp. Second Church, Scituate, 20 Sept 1656; d. Hingham, 26 Mar 1707, ae. 50 yrs.; m. Hingham, 11/12 June 1683, Rebecca Hersey, dau. of William and Rebecca (Chubbuck) Hersey, b. Hingham, 20 Aug. 1663; d. Hingham, 11 Feb 1711/12, ae. 48 yrs.  vii. Margaret Johnson, b. Scituate, Dec. 1659; bp. Second Church, Scituate, 26 Feb. 1659 [/60]; d. Hingham, 5 June 1739, ae. 80, m. Hingham, 20 Oct 1676, Joseph Leavitt, son of John Leavitt (GM2, IV:270-76) and his second wife, Sarah [Gilman?], b. Hingham, 4 May 1653, bp Hingham, 8 May 1653; d. Hingham, 14 Sept 1708, ae. 55.  viii Mary Johnson, bp. Second Church, Scituate, 19 Apr 1663. ix. Nathaniel Johnson, b. Hingham 19 Jan 1665[/6], bp. 15 July 1666, d. Pomfret CT 4 May 1755 in 90th yr. m. his step-sister Abigail May, dau. of Samuel and Abigail (Stansfield) May, b. Roxbury, 22 May 1659, m. Roxbury 29 May 1659; d. Pomfret 9 Apr 1745.  x. Isaac Johnson b. Hingham "Humphrey Johnsons child born" 12 Jan 16167/8 or 18 Feb 1667/8, d. West Bridgewater, 27 May 1738 in 71st yr, m. abt 1690, Abigail (Abiah, Abial, Abihail) (Leavitt) Lasell, dau of John Leavitt (GM2, IV:270-76) and his second wife Sarah [Gilman?], b. Hingham 9 Dec1667, bp Hingham 15 Dec 1667, d. West Bridgewater 4 Jan 1747/8 in 81st yr. She m. (1) Hingham 20 Jan 1685/6 Isaac Lasell.  xi. Joseph Johnson d. Hingham 5 Dec 1676, possibly the same as Joseph b in 1655, above, although Lincoln in Hingham (1893) lists them as separate children.  CHILDREN of Humphrey and Abigail (Stanfield) (May) Johnson: xii. John Johnson b Roxbury 17 Nov 1679, bp Hingham June 1680, d Colchester CT 7 Aug 1775, m Roxbury 26 May 1702 Mary Ramsey. xiii. Deborah Johnson b Hingham 19 Feb 1682/3; bp Hingham 29 Apr 1683, m. Roxbury 19 Dec 1705 Isaac Davis, son of William and Jane ___ Davis, bp Roxbury 18 Apr 1683, d Somers CT 2 Jan 1768.

Genealogical & Family History of ME: John Johnson immigrant ancestor of this branch of the Johnson family was born in England and came to America in the fleet with Winthrop accompanied by his wife Margery [this is incorrect] who died at Roxbury June 9 1655 and their sons Isaac and Humphrey and probably other children. Savage thinks there were three daughters. Johnson was admitted a freeman May 18 1630. He settled in Roxbury and was called a yeoman. He was chosen by the general court October 19 1630 constable of Roxbury and surveyor of all the arms of the colony and was a very industrious man in his place. He kept a tavern and was agent for Mrs Catherine Sumpner of London in 1653 He was a man of wealth and much distinction. He was a deputy to the general court in 1634 and many years afterward. His house was burned August 2 1645 with seventeen barrels of his country's powder and many arms in his charge. At the same time the town records were destroyed. He was elected a member of the Artillery Company in 1638. He signed the inventory of Joseph Weld's estate in 1646. He died September 30 1650 and his will was proved October 15 following dividing his property among his five children the eldest to have a double portion. The estate amounted to six hundred and sixty pounds. He married second Grace Negus Fawer widow of Barnabas Fawer Her will was made December 21 1671 and proved December 29 1671 leaving all her estate to her brothers Jonathan and Benjamin Negus. Children all by first wife 1 Isaac married January 20 1637 Elizabeth Porter killed in the Narragansett fight in King Philip's war December 19 1675. 2 Humphrey mentioned below. 3 Mary married Roger Mowry of Providence who sold her share in the estate October 12 1659. Two othher daughters. II Humphrey son of John Johnson was born in England. He came to America with his parents and settled in Roxbury as early as 1643 when his name appears on a deed. He was a resident of Scituate in 1651 and while he was considered an able and shrewd man he was continually getting into trouble ith the authorities. As he came to Scituate without the consent of the governor and two assistants, he was ordered to remove and March 30 1674 he removed to Hingham. He was given permission by the selectmen to settle upon the common land provided he would move at three months notice. On April 22 1675 he was granted privileges for making improvements on the land. He resided on Liberty Plain at South Hingham. He married first in 1642 Eleanor Cheney of Roxbury who died at Hingham September 28 1678. He married second Abigail. Children of first wife 1 Mehitable born 1644 2 Martha 1647 3 John 1653 drowned at Hingham June 12 1674, 4 Joseph 1655 died young, 5 Benjamin 1657, 6 Margaret 1659 married at Hingham October 20 1676 Josiah Leavitt, 7 Deborah 1661 died April 1 1669, 8 Mary 1663, 9 Nathaniel July 1666, 10 Isaac February 18 1668 mentioned below, 11 Joseph September 6 1676.  Children of second wife 12 John June 8 1680, 13 Deborah February 19 1682 83 III 

The Town of Roxbury: The fact is worth noting that from Johnson to Doggett the Roxbury innkeepers have generally been military men. Elizabeth Sunmer Doggett his daughter became the wife of Elijah Lewis and the mother of George Lewis afterwards mayor of Roxbury. Upon the westerly side of the street beginning at the boundary line was John Johnson's estate of eight acres, including the "house, barn and house lot on the back side of his orchard and buildings lying together with liberty to inclose the swamp and brook before the same not annoying any highway. John Johnson "surveyor general of all ye armyes" was chosen constable of Roxbury Oct 19 1630, was made freeman in 1631, was for fourteen years a representative in the General Court, and died Sept 29 1659. He probably ecame over with Winthrop, was a very industrious and faithful man in his plave and kept a tavern in Roxbury Street where many publiv meetings were held. When Anne Hutchinson was taken into cnstody the General Court ordered that the arms of her Roxbury adherents be delivered to goodman Johnson, the town of Roxbury being required to take order for their custody and if any charge arise to be defrayed by her husband. Under date of Feb 6 1645 Winthrop records that John Johnson having built a fair house in the midst of the town with divers barns and other out houses it fell on fire in the day time no man knowing by what occasion and there being in it seventeen barrels of the country's powder and many arms all was suddenly burnt and blown up to the value of four or five hundred pounds wherein a special providence of God appeared for he being from home the people came together to help and many were in the house no man thinking of the powder till one of the company put them in mind of it whereupon they all withdrew and soon after the powder took fire and blew up all about it and shook the houses in Boston and Cambridge so as men thought it had been an earthquake and carried great pieces of timber a good way off and some rags and such light things beyond Boston meeting house. There being then a stiff gale from the south, it drove the fire from the houses in the town for this was the most northerly otherwise it had endangered the greatest part of the town. Eliot who had an eye for special providences says "Ye wind at first stood to carry ye ire to other howses but suddenly turned it from all other howses only carrying it to ye outhouses and barns thereby and it was a fierce wind & thereby drave ye element back from ye neighbors howses which in a calm time would by ye great heate have been set on fire. At this fire the first book of Town Records and the School Charter were destroyed, the former was an irreparable loss.

History of Essex Co. MA: The first known ancestor of the Johnson family at Nahant is John Johnson, a cousin of Isaac Johnson, who came from England with his wife Margery and his children Isaac and Humphrey. He probably had other children besides these as he speaks of five in his will in 1629. He settled at Roxbury and was admitted freeman in 1630. He was a learned and leading man in the colonies and represented the town of Roxbury in the General Court for many years. He was also surveyor general of the arms of the colonies, . Mr Edward Johnson of Woburn says, "To write the history of John Johnson would fill a volume and his worth as one of the founders of the government of the colonies of Massachusetts is too well known to be recorded here." He died September 29 1659. Margery his wife died June 9 1655. Humphrey a son of John Johnson married Ellen Cheney March 20 1642. Their children were Mehitable born September 1644, Deborah born June 20 1650, these two were born at Roxbury, John born March 1653, Joseph born June 24 1655, Benjamin born August 27 1657, Margaret born August 1659, the last four were born at Scituate. Humphrey attorney for Plymouth witnessed the will of Governor Winthrop and was a leading man both in Plymouth and Scituate. John a son of Humphrey married Mary. Their children were Elizabeth born May 19 1675, Joseph born October 1677, Rebecca born November 17 1679, Rachel born December 23 1681, Jonathan born February 20 1682, all born at Rehoboth.

History of the First Church in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1630-1904: John Johnson, farmer, came to Roxbury in 1630 with wife Margery m 2 Grace Fawer. Freeman May 18 1631, Constable 1630, Selectman, Surveyor general of the ammunition which while stored in his house caught fire blew up the house and all was lost, It was at this time that the records were destroyed. May 8 1632 he and Robert Cole were chosen from Roxbury to advise with the governor at the next General Court. May 14 1634 Deputy from Royxbury to the first General Court of delegates. Artillery Company 1638. An original donor to the Free Schoole. Died Sept 30 1659. Marger Johnson wife of John Johnson.

Founders and Patriots of America Index: Johnson, John (c. 1600-, Sep 29, 1659) m. .... Margery Heath MASS XIX, 77; XXIII, 68; XXVIII, 125, 169; XXXII, 284.

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